In order to leave aside any idea that the division is permanent, an unsigned final declaration, Article 6 states that “the Conference recognizes that the essential objective of the Vietnam Agreement is to resolve military issues with a view to ending hostilities, and that the military demarcation line is provisional and should not be construed as a political or territorial border.”  Most of the nine participating countries have committed to securing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that they are not bound by them. The South Vietnamese were also supportive and the final declaration was not signed by all parties. The U.S. government pledged to establish a separate anti-communist state in southern Vietnam and in 1956 supported South Vietnam`s refusal to hold national elections in agreement with northern Vietnam. Behind the scenes, the U.S. and French governments continued to discuss the conditions for a possible U.S. military intervention in Indochina. :563-6 Until May 29, the United States and the French had agreed that if the conference were not to conclude an acceptable peace agreement, Eisenhower would win congressional approval for military intervention in Indochina. :568-9 After discussions with the Australian and New Zealand authorities, where it became clear that neither country would support a U.S.
military intervention, the United States reported on the decline in morality of the French Union armed forces and the opposition of Army Chief Matthew Ridgway, the United States began to be moved by the intervention and continued to oppose a negotiated solution. 569-73 At the beginning until mid-June, the United States began to consider leaving the French rather than supporting the French in Indochina rather than supporting the French, and that the United States supported the new indigenous states. This would remove the filth of French colonialism. As the United States was not prepared to support the proposed division or intervention, the United States decided in mid-June to withdraw from the major participation in the conference. :574-5 Western allies had no common position on what the conference should accomplish with regard to Indochina. Anthony Eden, who led the British delegation, spoke out in favour of a negotiated solution to the conflict. Georges Bidault, who led the French delegation, was hesitant and eager to retain part of France`s position in Indochina to justify past casualties, even if the country`s military situation deteriorated. :559 The United States had supported the French in Indochina for many years, and Eisenhower`s Republican administration wanted to ensure that no other “Yalta” could be blamed for him or that Indochina was “lost” to the Communists. Their leaders had previously accused the Truman Democratic Administration of “losing China” when the Communists managed to take control of the country. Discussions on the issue of Vietnam began at the conference, when France suffered its worst military defeat of the war, when Vietnamese troops conquered the French base of Dien Bien Phu.